"Not only" SCIENCE "but also" COLD FUSION...
...and I can't get more compliant to the Vortex-L
charter than that. [The Latin??? - that's culture -
that doesn't count. 8-) ]
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HOW A REDUCTION IN CF CAUSES AN INCREASE IN CF
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"quae est ista quae progreditur quasi aurora
consurgens pulchra ut luna electa ut sol
terribilis ut acies ordinata"
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Casimir Force (CF) is proportional to d^(-4)
where d is the distance between the Casimir
Plates.
But but with two parallel plates the
Beta-atmosphere pressure is only cut off
in a single direction.
Imagine a small spherical cavitation bubble
in the Beta-atmosphere. The cavity is contained
within a box of three orthogonal pairs of
Casimir Plates (CPs) perpendiculars to the
X, Y and Z axes, respectively.
Pull the X axis set of CPs apart against
Beta-atmosphere pressure and the bubble
expands from a spherical cavity to a
prolate sphere with one long major axis
and two short minor axes.
The major axis is perpendicular to the
X axis CPs and the minor axes perpendicular
to the Y and Z axes CPs.
The negative energy volume (tensile strain
energy volume) increases proportional to
the d^4 Casimir Law.
Next pull the Y axis set of CPs apart against
Beta-atmosphere pressure and the bubble expands
from a prolate sphere cavity to an oblate
sphere with one long major axis and two short
minor axes.
The major axes are perpendicular to the X and
Y axis CPs and the minor axis is perpendicular
to the Z axis.
Once again the negative energy volume (tensile
strain energy volume) increases proportional
to the d^4 Casimir Law. The total increase in
negative energy for the combined X and Y
expansion is d^4 times d^4 = d^8
Last, pull the Z axis set of CPs apart against
Beta-atmosphere pressure and the bubble expands
from a oblate sphere cavity to a spherical sphere
cavity with three equal axes perpendicular to
the X, Y and Z pairs of CPs.
For a third time the negative energy volume
(tensile strain energy volume) increases
proportional to the d^4 Casimir Law.
Thus the final increase in negative energy
for the combined X, Y and Z expansion from
a small spherical cavity to a large spherical
cavity is d^4 times d^4 times d^4 = d^12.
To summarize therefore we can see that the
one dimensional Casimir Law involves a 4th power,
the two dimensional Casimir Law involves an
8th power and the three dimensional Casimir
Law involves a 12th power.
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et apertis thesauris suis obtulerunt
ei munera aurum tus et murram
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Now to prove the above experimentally would be
humongously difficult since one would have to
have Beta-atmosphere seals at the edges of the
plates as they expanded which would make Wankel
engine seals look like wimps.
Perhaps we have some experimental data which
would support the existence of such powers;
anomalous data to help the 2 and 3 dimensional
Casimir Laws find their proper resting place
in the scientific pantheon.
Fortunately we do. 8-)
Professor Chaplin of London's South Bank
University has a web site dedicated to the
properties of water, a web site which our
resident guru and Tennessee aristocrat,
Jones Chamberlain Beene IV, has described
as "one of the real treasures of the
internet - for sure - "
On that website is a page dedicated to the
weird properties of water.
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http://www.lsbu.ac.uk/water/strange.html
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And the first figure on the web page shows
Chaplin's three power laws of 12, 8 and 4
relating to the vapour pressures of ice,
water and steam, a manifestation of the
one, two and three dimensional Casimir Laws
in action. His data originates in the
International Critical tables and one
couldn't have a better provenance than that.
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dico tibi nisi quis renatus
fuerit ex aqua et Spiritu non
potest introire in regnum Dei
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$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
So much for the "REDUCTION IN CF".
What about the "INCREASE IN CF"?
One way of carrying out a quasi 3 dimensional
Casimir expansion is to pull a metal specimen
(such as a mild steel rod) apart in a tensile
strength testing machine. The necking of the
specimen prior to failure leads to high
triaxial stress in the necked region and the
opening up of internal cavities which are
shielded from Beta-atmosphere pressure
The negative energy density within these
cavities is going to go negative in accordance
with a 12th power law.
Opening up a cavity by factor of one
hundred will drop the pressure by a
factor of 100^(12) =
1000,000,,000,000,000,000,000,000.
But even if one only opens up the cavities
by a factor of 2 there is a drop of
4000 odd. You don't need much of a
cavity expansion to get an humongous
drop in the internal B-atm pressure.
We can now appreciate why the physics is
so vastly different within Beta-atmosphere
cavities shielded from external Beta-atm.
pressure.
The one dimensional Casimir Effect is
quite something - even though it is the
product of only one dimensional
thinking. 8-)
But the three dimensional Casimir Effect -
that is something else - that is a entirely
different order of things - to put it mildly.
Now consider this except from Jed's LENR web site.
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http://lenr-canr.org/News.htm
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In the lattice, high
temperatures are not required;
a mechanism exists that causes
fusion at a much greater rate
and without neutron radiation
and tritium production.
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At the enormous negative pressures indicated
by the 3D 12th power Casimir Law, it wouldn't
be surprising if the atomic chemistry of
deuterium were quite different, would it! 8-)
From the research on the failure of concrete
under high ersatz Beta-atmosphere pressure the
reason for the success of cold fusion is
becoming clear.
Conventional hydrogen bombs (hot fusion) are
made by squeezing deuterium/tritium stuff
together. But as our work on concrete showed
the important thing isn't the external pressure
but the difference in pressure between the
inside and the outside.
One can achieve this difference,
either by increasing the external pressure,
the numerator pressure, with an atomic
fission bomb (hot fusion),
or by decreasing the internal pressure, the
denominator pressure, by 3D Casimir Plate
expansion - (cold fusion)
or by any combination of internal and external
pressure which gives the required differential
pressure.
In the light of all this, there is no doubt
in my mind that F&P achieved the very first
mini-hydrogen-bomb explosion with their cubic
centimeter of palladium. The CP expansion was
presumably a consequence of the creep
redistribution of manufacturing stresses.
It could well be that Mizuno came close with
his sintered metal powder disks.
Jed can be confident that his wish for the
success of cold fusion will come true.
In view of the possible consequences I only
hope he doesn't live to regret it. ;-)
Cheers,
Frank Grimer
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# Bring the good old bugle, boys! We'll sing another song --
Sing it with a spirit that will start the world along --
Sing it as we used to sing it, fifty thousand strong,
While we were marching through Georgia. #
[Chorus]
# "Hurrah! Hurrah! We bring the Jubilee!
Hurrah! Hurrah! The flag that makes you free!"
So we sang the chorus from Atlanta to the sea,
While we were marching through Georgia. #
# "Sherman's dashing Yankee boys will never reach the coast!"
So the saucy rebels said, and 'twas a handsome boast,
Had they not forgot, alas! to reckon with the host,
While we were marching through Georgia. #
(repeat chorus)
# So we made a thoroughfare for Freedom and her train,
Sixty miles latitude -- three hundred to the main;
Treason fled before us, for resistance was in vain,
While we were marching through Georgia. #
(repeat chorus)
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